Swansea couple jailed for racist attack on daughter, 17 - BBC News
All the latest crime news in London, UK and throughout the world with the Evening Date ideas . Man arrested on suspicion of murder after woman dies in east London . Police probe after married couple found dead in 'murder- suicide'. Mar 15, A good Samaritan who offered to lend two men short on cash a couple bucks to cover their meal at a Brooklyn eatery ended up beaten and. In Los Angeles, a man may legally beat his wife with a leather strap, as long as it is. less than two Unmarried women who parachute on Sundays may be jailed. In Sarasota, it is According to state law, it is illegal to speak English. In Salem , even married couples are forbidden from sleeping in the nude in rented rooms.
Milam explained he had killed a deer and that the boot belonged to him. Well, what else could we do? I'm no bully; I never hurt a nigger in my life. I like niggers—in their place—I know how to work 'em. But I just decided it was time a few people got put on notice. As long as I live and can do anything about it, niggers are gonna stay in their place.
Niggers ain't gonna vote where I live. If they did, they'd control the government. They ain't gonna go to school with my kids. And when a nigger gets close to mentioning sex with a white woman, he's tired o' livin'. I'm likely to kill him. Me and my folks fought for this country, and we got some rights. I stood there in that shed and listened to that nigger throw that poison at me, and I just made up my mind.
Goddam you, I'm going to make an example of you—just so everybody can know how me and my folks stand. Milam, Look magazine,  In an interview with William Bradford Huie that was published in Look magazine inBryant and Milam said they intended to beat Till and throw him off an embankment into the river to frighten him. They told Huie that while they were beating Till, he called them bastards, declared he was as good as they, and said that he had sexual encounters with white women.
They shot him by the river and weighted his body with the fan. He did not go back to bed. He and another man went into Money, got gasoline, and drove around trying to find Till.
Unsuccessful, they returned home by 8: Distraught, she called Emmett's mother Mamie Till Bradley. They admitted they had taken the boy from his great-uncle's yard but claimed they had released him the same night in front of Bryant's store. Bryant and Milam were arrested for kidnapping. They disguised themselves as cotton pickers and went into the cotton fields in search of any information that might help find Till. His head was very badly mutilated, he had been shot above the right ear, an eye was dislodged from the socket, there was evidence that he had been beaten on the back and the hips, and his body weighted by a fan blade, which was fastened around his neck with barbed wire.
He was nude, but wearing a silver ring with the initials "L. Mose Wright was called to the river to identify Till. The silver ring that Till was wearing was removed and returned to Wright and next passed on to the district attorney as evidence.
Funeral and reaction Although lynchings and racially motivated murders had occurred throughout the South for decades, the circumstances surrounding Emmett Till's murder and the timing acted as a catalyst to attract national attention to the case of a year-old boy who had allegedly been killed for breaching a social caste system.
Till's murder aroused feelings about segregation, law enforcement, relations between the North and South, the social status quo in Mississippi, the activities of the NAACP and the White Citizens' Councilsand the Cold Warall of which were played out in a drama staged in newspapers all over the U.
They reported on his death when the body was found. The next day, when a picture of him his mother had taken the previous Christmas showing them smiling together appeared in the Jackson Daily News and Vicksburg Evening Post, editorials and letters to the editor were printed expressing shame at the people who had caused Till's death.
One read, "Now is the time for every citizen who loves the state of Mississippi to 'Stand up and be counted' before hoodlum white trash brings us to destruction.
It may have been embalmed while in Mississippi. Mamie Till Bradley demanded that the body be sent to Chicago; she later said that she worked to halt an immediate burial in Mississippi and called several local and state authorities in Illinois and Mississippi to make sure that her son was returned to Chicago.
Whitedeplored the murder, asserting that local authorities should pursue a "vigorous prosecution. Local newspaper editorials denounced the murderers without question. Pattersonexecutive secretary of the segregationist White Citizens' Councillamented Till's death by repeating that racial segregation policies were to provide for blacks' safety and that their efforts were being neutralized by the NAACP. In response, NAACP executive secretary Roy Wilkins characterized the incident as a lynching and said that Mississippi was trying to maintain white supremacy through murder.
He said, "there is in the entire state no restraining influence of decency, not in the state capital, among the daily newspapers, the clergy, nor any segment of the so-called better citizens. She was misquoted; it was reported as "Mississippi is going to pay for this.
His mother had insisted on an open-casket funeral. Images of Till's body, printed in The Chicago Defender and Jet magazine, made international news and directed attention to the lack of rights of blacks in the U. Rayner Funeral Home in Chicago received Till's body. Upon arrival, Bradley insisted on viewing it to make a positive identification, later stating that the stench from it was noticeable two blocks away.
And I just wanted the world to see. Photographs of his mutilated corpse circulated around the country, notably appearing in Jet magazine and The Chicago Defenderboth black publications, generating intense public reaction. According to The Nation and Newsweek, Chicago's black community was "aroused as it has not been over any similar act in recent history. Now, thanks to a mother's determination to expose the barbarousness of the crime, the public could no longer pretend to ignore what they couldn't see.
Chicago Mayor Richard J. The tone in Mississippi newspapers changed dramatically. They falsely reported riots in the funeral home in Chicago. Bryant and Milam appeared in photos smiling and wearing military uniforms,  and Carolyn Bryant's beauty and virtue were extolled. Rumors of an invasion of outraged blacks and northern whites were printed throughout the state, and were taken seriously by the Leflore County Sheriff. Howarda local businessman, surgeon, and civil rights proponent and one of the wealthiest blacks in the state, warned of a "second civil war" if "slaughtering of Negroes" was allowed.
According to historian Stephen Whitfield, a specific brand of xenophobia in the South was particularly strong in Mississippi. Whites were urged to reject the influence of Northern opinion and agitation. He speculated that the boy was probably still alive.
Howard, who colluded to place Till's ring on it. But I just had no choice about it. The grand jury's prosecuting attorney, Hamilton Caldwell, was not confident that he could get a conviction in a case of white violence against a black male accused of insulting a white woman. A local black paper was surprised at the indictment and praised the decision, as did the New York Times.
The high-profile comments published in Northern newspapers and by the NAACP were of concern to the prosecuting attorney, Gerald Chatham ; he worried that his office would not be able to secure a guilty verdict, despite the compelling evidence. Having limited funds, Bryant and Milam initially had difficulty finding attorneys to represent them, but five attorneys at a Sumner law firm offered their services pro bono. Sumner had one boarding house; the small town was besieged by reporters from all over the country.
David Halberstam called the trial "the first great media event of the civil rights movement. Mamie Till Bradley arrived to testify, and the trial also attracted black congressman Charles Diggs from Michigan. Bradley, Diggs, and several black reporters stayed at T. Howard's home in Mound Bayou. Located on a large lot and surrounded by Howard's armed guards, it resembled a compound.
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The day before the start of the trial, a young black man named Frank Young arrived to tell Howard he knew of two witnesses to the crime.
Collins and Loggins were spotted with J. Milam, Bryant, and Till. The prosecution team was unaware of Collins and Loggins. Sheriff Strider, however, booked them into the Charleston, Mississippi jail to keep them from testifying. The courtroom was filled to capacity with spectators; black attendees sat in segregated sections. Sheriff Strider welcomed black spectators coming back from lunch with a cheerful, "Hello, Niggers! Jury members were allowed to drink beer on duty, and many white male spectators wore handguns.
Milam during Milam's trial, an act which "signified intimidation of Delta blacks was no longer as effective as the past". The defense sought to cast doubt on the identity of the body pulled from the river. They said it could not be positively identified, and they questioned whether Till was dead at all.
The defense also asserted that although Bryant and Milam had taken Till from his great-uncle's house, they had released him that night. The defense attorneys attempted to prove that Mose Wright—who was addressed as "Uncle Mose" by the prosecution and "Mose" by the defense—could not identify Bryant and Milam as the men who took Till from his cabin. They noted that only Milam's flashlight had been in use that night, and no other lights in the house were turned on. Milam and Bryant had identified themselves to Wright the evening they took Till, Wright said he had only seen Milam clearly.
Wright's testimony was considered remarkably courageous. It may have been the first time in the South that a black man had testified to the guilt of a white man in court—and lived. They could not, but found three witnesses who had seen Collins and Loggins with Milam and Bryant on Leslie Milam's property. Two of them testified that they heard someone being beaten, blows, and cries. It may have been leaked in any case to the jury.
Sheriff Strider testified for the defense his theory that Till was alive, and that the body retrieved from the river was white. A doctor from Greenwood stated on the stand that the body was too decomposed to identify, and therefore had been in the water too long for it to be Till.
Gerald Chatham passionately called for justice and mocked the sheriff and doctor's statements that alluded to a conspiracy. Mamie Bradley indicated she was very impressed with his summation. Only three outcomes were possible in Mississippi for capital murder: On September 23 the all-whiteall-male jury both women and blacks had been banned  acquitted both defendants after a minute deliberation; one juror said, "If we hadn't stopped to drink pop, it wouldn't have taken that long.
Mamie Till Bradley was criticized for not crying enough on the stand.
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The jury was noted to have been picked almost exclusively from the hill country section of Tallahatchie County, which, due to its poorer economic make-up, found whites and blacks competing for land and other agrarian opportunities. Unlike the population living closer to the river and thus closer to Bryant and Milam in Leflore Countywho possessed a noblesse oblige outlook toward blacks, according to historian Stephen Whitaker, those in the eastern part of the county were virulent in their racism.
The prosecution was criticized for dismissing any potential juror who knew Milam or Bryant, for the fear that such a juror would vote to acquit. Afterward, Whitaker noted that this was a mistake, as anyone who had personally known the defendants usually disliked them.
They said that the prosecution had not proved that Till had died, nor that it was his body that was removed from the river. Mose Wright and a young man named Willie Reed, who testified to seeing Milam enter the shed from which screams and blows were heard, both testified in front of the grand jury.
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Howard paid the costs of relocating to Chicago for Wright, Reed, and another black witness who testified against Milam and Bryant, in order to protect the three witnesses from reprisals for having testified. He avoided publicity and even kept his history secret from his wife until she was told by a relative. Southern newspapers, particularly in Mississippi, wrote that the court system had done its job.
While serving in Italy, Louis Till raped two women and killed a third. He was court-martialed and executed by hanging by the Army near Pisa in July Mamie Till Bradley and her family knew none of this, having been told only that Louis had been killed for "willful misconduct. Stennis probed Army records and revealed Louis Till's crimes. Although Emmett Till's murder trial was over, news about his father was carried on the front pages of Mississippi newspapers for weeks in October and November This renewed debate about Emmett Till's actions and Carolyn Bryant's integrity.
Stephen Whitfield writes that the lack of attention paid to identifying or finding Till is "strange" compared to the amount of published discourse about his father. Instead of which, the fourteen-year-old boy not only refuses to be frightened, but, unarmed, alone, in the dark, so frightens the two armed adults that they must destroy him What are we Mississippians afraid of? The interview took place in the law firm of the attorneys who had defended Bryant and Milam.
Huie did not ask the questions; Bryant and Milam's own attorneys did. Neither attorney had heard their clients' accounts of the murder before. According to Huie, the older Milam was more articulate and sure of himself than the younger Bryant. Milam admitted to shooting Till and neither of them believed they were guilty or that they had done anything wrong.
Their brazen admission that they had murdered Till caused prominent civil rights leaders to push the federal government harder to investigate the case. Till's murder contributed to congressional passage of the Civil Rights Act of Department of Justice to intervene in local law enforcement issues when individual civil rights were being compromised.
As a consequence, details about others who had possibly been involved in Till's abduction and murder, or the subsequent cover-upwere forgotten, according to historians David and Linda Beito.
Blacks boycotted their shops, which went bankrupt and closed, and banks refused to grant them loans to plant crops. She is believed to have murdered Charmaine single-handedly sometime on or after 15 June and stored her body in the cellar at their previous home at Midland Road, while Fred was near the end of a six-and-a-half month prison sentence for the theft of car tires and a vehicle tax disc.
Rose became overwhelmed with the responsibility of taking care of three children and could not cope with any more of Charmaine's stoicism in reaction to her abuse. After Charmaine's death, a friend named Tracey Giles visited the Wests' flat and asked to play with her. Rose responded by stating that Charmaine moved away with her birth mother. Fred buried the body after his release on 24 June. Another murder that Rosemary committed was that of Shirley Robinson.
Fred confided to his appropriate adultJanet Leachthat Rose murdered Robinson and had assisted in her dismembermentpersonally removing Robinson's fetus from the womb in the process. Her dismembered body was placed under their family's patio. It is said that Heather began to tell her friends about the abuse occurring in her home. Barry, her younger brother, would later describe watching his mother kick Heather repeatedly in the head until she was no longer moving.
Fred would even taunt his children when they misbehaved by jokingly stating, "If you don't behave, you'll end up under the patio like Heather. In AugustFred West was arrested after being accused of raping his year-old daughter three times, and Rosemary West was arrested for child cruelty. This case against them collapsed in June when their daughter refused to testify in court. All of the Wests' younger children were removed from their custody to foster homes. This case brought to light the disappearance of Heather West, who had not been seen since and triggered the major investigation that followed.
Conviction[ edit ] After police found human remains and apparent signs of torture in their home, Rosemary West, along with her husband, Fred West, were arrested in February During her trial, West denied murdering any of the victims. West proceeded to tell the jury how her husband committed these crimes himself, and she had nothing to do with it.
She further claimed to have tried to stop one of the sexual assaults her husband committed. Fred West was charged with two further murders committed during the s before his association with Rosemary. On 22 NovemberWest was found guilty of 10 murders. Justice Mantellsentenced her to life imprisonmentsaying, "If attention is paid to what I think, you will never be released.