CLOCKS MAGAZINE The day clock
Bid online on 81 Longcase Clock auction lots for sale at sendangsono.info Live Auction; Date: 08 Jan to 10 Jan; Estimate: 80 - GBP; Current bid: .. A box of antique clock parts including longcase clock movement, pendulums, bobs, .. Contact Us · Legal · Cookies · About Us · Site Map · Auction Lot Directory. Clocks Magazine: The anniversary clock. The use of certain letters and characters also evolved as did the spelling of names and places. During Dating longcase clocks, figure 1, Clocks Magazine Dating longcase clocks, figure 2, Clocks. If your grandfather clock has a brass dial, it was probably made in the period between and The early brass dial clocks only had one hand, because.
Decoration consisted of spandrels painted on in gold paint in the four corners, probably to resemble the cast brass spandrels fitted to brass dials.
Sometimes a swag of flowers or similar was painted on the dial face, but again very sparingly and restrained. The hands were made of steel, very fine, often blued or blacked and not exactly matching. Another year indication of an early dial is the use of dots for the minutes with small Arabic numerals round the dial at 5, 10, 15 minutes etc.
The hours are marked by Roman Numerals. From to around the style of the dial changed slightly, matching steel hands were used from now on.
Antique Clocks: Tips to Help in Dating Antique Clocks -
The minutes were still dots and not the lines inside two narrow concentric circles that we are used to, but the minute numbers changed to the quarters only, instead of every five minutes. The missing numbers were often replaced with little symbols, often looking like stars.
At this time also it became fashionable to use Arabic numerals for the hours instead of Roman numerals. The painted background decoration is starting to spread out too; arched dials have a scene painted in the arch, often with a spray of flowers on each side. The corner painting is spreading a little too, and the imitation spandrels are now often geometric designs, or a fan shape, or a floral design, which fills the corner.
How to Determine the Age of a Grandfather Clock
Now we come to the later clocks, of around to In the North of England after grandfather clocks gradually got bigger and bigger, until by the end of the period some of them were huge - - - the dials were often fifteen inches wide and the clocks were eight feet tall, sometimes nine feet or more. Given the larger area of dial to be decorated the dial painters went to town, the corner paintings became little masterpieces in their own right, and the decoration spread from the corner right up the side of the dial circle, to meet the next corner painting, and so on.
Most of these clocks have an arched dial, and the artist painted in a large scene, often a biblical illustration, or a country scene, a nautical scene, a ruined abbey, or something ordered specially by the customer.
The two chains attached to the weights and the lack of winding holes in the dial show this to be a hour clock.
Long-case Clock Hand Styles Through Time
Traditionally, longcase clocks were made with two types of movement: A clock with an eight-day movement required winding only once a week, while generally less expensive hour clocks had to be wound every day.
Eight-day clocks are often driven by two weights — one driving the pendulum and the other the striking mechanismwhich usually consisted of a bell or chimes.
Such movements usually have two keyholes, one on each side of the dial to wind each one. By contrast, hour clocks often had a single weight to drive both the timekeeping and striking mechanisms. Some hour clocks were made with false keyholes, for customers who wished that guests to their home would think that the household was able to afford the more expensive eight-day clock.
How to Determine the Age of a Grandfather Clock | Home Guides | SF Gate
All modern striking longcase clocks have eight-day movements. Most longcase clocks are cable-driven, meaning that the weights are suspended by cables. If the cable were attached directly to the weight, the load would cause rotation and untwist the cable strands, so the cable wraps around a pulley mounted to the top of each weight.
The mechanical advantage of this arrangement also doubles the running time allowed by a given weight drop. Cable clocks are wound by inserting a special crank called a "key" into holes in the clock's face and turning it. Others, however, are chain-driven, meaning that the weights are suspended by chains that wrap around gears in the clock's mechanism, with the other end of the chain hanging down next to the weight.
To wind a chain-driven longcase clock, one pulls on the end of each chainlifting the weights until the weights come up to just under the clock's face. Elaborate striking sequences[ edit ] In the early 20th century, quarter-hour chime sequences were added to longcase clocks.
At the top of each hour, the full chime sequence sounds, immediately followed by the hour strike. The chime tune used in almost all longcase clocks is Westminster Quarters. Many also offer the option of Whittington chimes or St.