Meme - Wikipedia
My colleagues and I have published research showing that people's musical preferences are linked to three broad thinking styles. Empathisers. On Jones' Spotify page, you can find these playlists and the songs he thinks certain people are into. Like "fucking hipsters," who are allegedly. "Sweet Dee's Dating a Retarded Person" Season Three, Episode Nine Writer have because his music taste is different from the band's musical direction.
Cavalli-Sforzaanthropologist F. Cloak  and ethologist J. For Dawkins, the meme exemplified another self-replicating unit with potential significance in explaining human behavior and cultural evolution.
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Although Dawkins invented the term 'meme' and developed meme theory, the possibility that ideas were subject to the same pressures of evolution as were biological attributes was discussed in Darwin's time. Huxley claimed that 'The struggle for existence holds as much in the intellectual as in the physical world. A theory is a species of thinking, and its right to exist is coextensive with its power of resisting extinction by its rivals.
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This is seen as one of the first widespread memes in the world  Dawkins used the term to refer to any cultural entity that an observer might consider a replicator. He hypothesized that one could view many cultural entities as replicators, and pointed to melodies, fashions and learned skills as examples. Memes generally replicate through exposure to humans, who have evolved as efficient copiers of information and behavior.
Because humans do not always copy memes perfectly, and because they may refine, combine or otherwise modify them with other memes to create new memes, they can change over time. Dawkins likened the process by which memes survive and change through the evolution of culture to the natural selection of genes in biological evolution. The lack of a consistent, rigorous, and precise understanding of what typically makes up one unit of cultural transmission remains a problem in debates about memetics.
Meme transmission requires a physical medium, such as photons, sound waves, touch, taste, or smell because memes can be transmitted only through the senses. Dawkins noted that in a society with culture a person need not have descendants to remain influential in the actions of individuals thousands of years after their death: But if you contribute to the world's culture, if you have a good idea Socrates may or may not have a gene or two alive in the world today, as G.
Williams has remarked, but who cares? The meme-complexes of Socrates, LeonardoCopernicus and Marconi are still going strong. Diffusion of innovations Memes, analogously to genes, vary in their aptitude to replicate; successful memes remain and spread, whereas unfit ones stall and are forgotten. Thus memes that prove more effective at replicating and surviving are selected in the meme pool.
Memes first need retention. The longer a meme stays in its hosts, the higher its chances of propagation are. When a host uses a meme, the meme's life is extended. On the contrary, a meme which shortens the longevity of its hosts will tend to disappear faster.
However, as hosts are mortal, retention is not sufficient to perpetuate a meme in the long term; memes also need transmission. Life-forms can transmit information both vertically from parent to child, via replication of genes and horizontally through viruses and other means. Memes can replicate vertically or horizontally within a single biological generation. They may also lie dormant for long periods of time. Memes reproduce by copying from a nervous system to another one, either by communication or imitation.
Imitation often involves the copying of an observed behavior of another individual. Communication may be direct or indirect, where memes transmit from one individual to another through a copy recorded in an inanimate source, such as a book or a musical score. Adam McNamara has suggested that memes can be thereby classified as either internal or external memes i-memes or e-memes. Observers distinguish the contagious imitation of memes from instinctively contagious phenomena such as yawning and laughing, which they consider innate rather than socially learned behaviors.
Children respond particularly receptively to the ideas of their parents, and thus ideas that directly or indirectly encourage a higher birthrate will replicate themselves at a higher rate than those that discourage higher birthrates. Cultural separatism exemplifies one practice in which one can expect a higher rate of meme-replication—because the meme for separation creates a barrier from exposure to competing ideas. Ideas that encourage the proselytism of a meme, as seen in many religious or political movements, can replicate memes horizontally through a given generation, spreading more rapidly than parent-to-child meme-transmissions do.
Ideas that encourage longevity in their hosts, or leave their hosts particularly resistant to abandoning or replacing these ideas, enhance the preservability of memes and afford protection from the competition or proselytism of other memes. Adversative replication can give an advantage in meme transmission when the meme itself encourages aggression against other memes.
Cognitively transmitted memes depend heavily on a cluster of other ideas and cognitive traits already widely held in the population, and thus usually spread more passively than other forms of meme transmission. Memes spread in cognitive transmission do not count as self-replicating. Strictly speaking, motivationally transmitted memes do not self-propagate, but this mode of transmission often occurs in association with memes self-replicated in the efficiency parental, proselytic and preservational modes.
Memes as discrete units Dawkins initially defined meme as a noun that "conveys the idea of a unit of cultural transmission, or a unit of imitation". Wilkins retained the notion of meme as a kernel of cultural imitation while emphasizing the meme's evolutionary aspect, defining the meme as "the least unit of sociocultural information relative to a selection process that has favorable or unfavorable selection bias that exceeds its endogenous tendency to change".
A meme could consist of a single word, or a meme could consist of the entire speech in which that word first occurred. This forms an analogy to the idea of a gene as a single unit of self-replicating information found on the self-replicating chromosome. While the identification of memes as "units" conveys their nature to replicate as discrete, indivisible entities, it does not imply that thoughts somehow become quantized or that " atomic " ideas exist that cannot be dissected into smaller pieces.
A meme has no given size. Susan Blackmore writes that melodies from Beethoven 's symphonies are commonly used to illustrate the difficulty involved in delimiting memes as discrete units. It has been argued however that the traces of memetic processing can be quantified utilizing neuroimaging techniques which measure changes in the connectivity profiles between brain regions. To illustrate, she notes evolution selects for the gene for features such as eye color; it does not select for the individual nucleotide in a strand of DNA.
Memes play a comparable role in understanding the evolution of imitated behaviors. The Coevolutionary Process by Charles J. Wilson proposed the theory that genes and culture co-evolve, and that the fundamental biological units of culture must correspond to neuronal networks that function as nodes of semantic memory.
They coined their own word, " culturgen ", which did not catch on. Coauthor Wilson later acknowledged the term meme as the best label for the fundamental unit of cultural inheritance in his book Consilience: The Unity of Knowledgewhich elaborates upon the fundamental role of memes in unifying the natural and social sciences. Dawkins emphasizes that the process of evolution naturally occurs whenever these conditions co-exist, and that evolution does not apply only to organic elements such as genes.
He regards memes as also having the properties necessary for evolution, and thus sees meme evolution as not simply analogous to genetic evolution, but as a real phenomenon subject to the laws of natural selection. Dawkins noted that as various ideas pass from one generation to the next, they may either enhance or detract from the survival of the people who obtain those ideas, or influence the survival of the ideas themselves.
For example, a certain culture may develop unique designs and methods of tool -making that give it a competitive advantage over another culture. Each tool-design thus acts somewhat similarly to a biological gene in that some populations have it and others do not, and the meme's function directly affects the presence of the design in future generations.
In keeping with the thesis that in evolution one can regard organisms simply as suitable "hosts" for reproducing genes, Dawkins argues that one can view people as "hosts" for replicating memes. You're having an ordinary, run-of-the-mill sort of day when all of a sudden, disaster strikes. You spot your ex, walking down the street and they're headed straight towards you. What should you do? Run away and risk them seeing your cowardly ass?
Swallow your pride and say hi, acting like everything's fine it's really not. Or, do you call upon your childhood hide and seek skills, diving behind a trash can or underneath the wheel well of a bus? You haven't pulled off camouflage this good since you pretended to be a tree to get out of gym class. Dodging your ex in public is an art not to be taken lightly.
Many have tried, but few have mastered it. Not everyone has the reflexes of an alley cat or can squeeze themselves under a booth in Denny's. Count yourself lucky if you've managed to successfully ex-dodge.
Tumblr Often the result of Facebook stalking gone right, sometimes you find out your ex's taste has significantly decreased since being with you. Not to toot your own horn or anything, but you're pretty great and this new person they're with is a serious downgrade. If you were a nice, solid seven, this new guy or girl is like a five, and that's being generous. What's with their hair? And those eyebrows have got to go.
Did they get that purse at Walmart or something?
Seriously, though, what does your ex even see in them? OK, so looks aren't everything, but they are something and that's better than the nothingness you felt inside when you were dumped. It's ok to judge people once in a while, especially when it means you get to feel better about yourself. Anything for a little self-esteem, am I right?
Tumblr The pain on this monkey's face speaks volumes. We've all been there. They'd play it when they wanted to get in the mood. They'd slow dance in the middle of a crowded mall when it came on. Your friend even thought it'd be the first song they'd danced to at their wedding, but then it all came crashing down around them.
Just like that, they were dumped like a sack of old clothes at a Goodwill. And now, every time Ed Sheeran's voice comes warbling through the radio, you need the strength of 1, men to subdue them. It's like they get spontaneous PTSD upon hearing the first few notes of the song and just completely lose their minds. But, being the good friend that you are, you comfort them with ice cream or alcohol and let them have a good, long cry while simultaneously banning that song from their vicinity.
Featured Today 8 When you get that booty call text Via: You've been broken up for over a month and then you get that dreaded two a. Let me break it down for you. That's a booty call text. Any phone calls or texts after 10 p. Don't you dare answer! Your best bet is to turn your phone off to avoid the text notifications and go back to sleep. No one wants to backslide and fall back into an unhappy relationship, or even worse, become "friends with benefits. Meme Creator What did I just tell you?!
You didn't turn your phone off, did you? Nope, you answered that booty call anyway and got drunk with your ex. Things got a little hazy after your fourth shot of tequila. There may have been some strip poker happening, but that might've also just been the tequila talking. One thing led to another and then suddenly, you wake up, it's morning, and there's your ex, lying butt-naked next to you.
As you try and piece together the events that led you up to this unfortunate moment, you make yourself some coffee and throw a blanket over their exposed body.
Life's full of moments like these when you don't practice self-control. Chalk it up to a learning experience and move on as quickly as you can. Now if you could only figure out how to get your ex out of your life as fast as you got them into your bed. Imgrum There are so many ways to get revenge on somebody, but most of them are terrible, terrible ideas.
The best way to stick it to an ex is just by living well, which lets them know you didn't need them anyway. Don't mope around and let yourself go. Take care of yourself: Flood your social media feeds with positivity and all the progress you're making as you become a newly improved version of yourself. Sooner or later, your ex will peek their face back into your business again as they see how well you're actually doing without them.
Some people are just full of negativity and want to drag you down to their level. They may even regret your break up and try to get you back. Most people don't realize what they have 'till it's gone. Rub it in their face by simply being the most awesome version of yourself you can be.
This is the ex that said she never wanted kids because she had a messed up childhood yet poked holes in all your condoms. Luckily, you insisted on getting the condoms out yourself and doing it with the lights on or you might never have noticed.
This is also the ex that slept with all of her guy "friends," as well as a few of your former ones. Finally breaking up with her was the best decision of your life. Somehow, she managed to give 'crazy' new meaning.
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You really dodged a bullet there. Now she's pregnant and all you can do is laugh yourself silly with relief that it's not yours. That's what freedom feels like. Life is sweet, although you can't help but feel sorry for the poor sap that fell under her spell.
Memepile There's always that one ex who just completely messes you up. No matter how long it's been since you broke up, the mere mention of their name drives you to drink without fail. You could just be minding your own business, socializing at a party when—bam! Someone asks you how your ex is doing, not realizing you've broken up. You can see the horrified looks on your close friends faces as they struggle to hide the rest of the alcohol from your desperate clutches.
No matter what they do, though, eventually someone will take pity on you and hand you a beer. It's all downhill from there. Whether you thought your ex was the one, they cheated on you, or they just completely ruined your life in one way or another, alcohol is the only cure for what ails you.
You could just take shots until you pass out or down a big ass bottle of Belvedere vodka like the guy in this photo. Relatably Let's face it: