Kanye West calls for the abolition of the 13th Amendment
The Federal Bill of Rights and Subsequent Amendments to the Constitution of the United . The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.]*. Despite disappointing nights for Andrew Gillum and Bill Nelson, this landmark civil rights achievement could change state politics—and. Date: 01/20/ Amendments to FBI Standard Minimization Procedures Memorandum Opinion [Denying American Civil Liberties Union's Motion for.
In the aftermath of those leaks, the government declassified many previously secret details regarding these programs.
Among the declassified documents were those in this Among the declassified documents were those in this case, in which the internet company Yahoo!
Beginning inthe government issued directives to Yahoo ordering it to assist in warrantless surveillance of certain customers, pursuant to a now-expired set of amendments to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of FISA and the Protect America Act of PAAwhich authorized the United States to direct communications service providers to assist in acquiring foreign intelligence when those acquisitions targeted third persons reasonably believed to be located outside the United States.
That court found the directives lawful and compelled obedience. Because of that order, none of the documents in the matter were public. Walton issued a scheduling order for the government's response and Yahoo's reply. On June 25,the government responded indicating that the public had an interest in disclosure of the information in the motion and the identity of the provider. On June 26,Judge Walton ordered that Yahoo's motion, response, and the court order of June 17,no longer be under seal.
The government then informed Yahoo that its name and its counsels' identities were no longer classified and could be released. Afterward, on July 9,Yahoo moved to disclose additional portions of the court's April 25, opinion and the parties' legal briefs leading to that opinion. On July 15,because the government had offered no objection to these additional disclosures, Judge Walton ordered the government to conduct a declassification review of the April 25, opinion and the legal briefs submitted by parties.
The government was required to report by July 29,with estimated dates when it would complete the review. In response, on July 29,the government proposed to conduct a declassification review of 1 the April 25, opinion by September 12, ; 2 the briefs and materials cited in the April 25 opinion by September 27, ; and 3 other briefs and materials on a rolling basis.
The government's response included an appendix containing a list of documents and associated dates for declassification review. The government provided to the court the first and second portions of the records pursuant to the timeline. The portions were redacted and subject to publication upon the court's review.
On September 30,Yahoo requested permission to review the government's redacted submissions. Yahoo claimed that, through its involvement in this case, it still had access to many of the documents being redacted.
The court, however, never ruled on this motion.
Instead, on October 21,the parties filed a joint motion to allow Yahoo prepublication access to the court documents after declassification by government and submission to the court for review. According to a Palm Beach Post investigationthen—Republican governor Charlie Crist approved the clemency requests of about 39, people each year, on average, between and An analysis conducted by the Tampa Bay Times and Miami Herald found that black Floridians, by operation of this law, are five times as likely to lose their right to vote as white Floridians.
Last year, more black people lost their right to vote than did white people, even though the population is only 13 percent black.
A look at the 14th Amendment's Citizenship Clause
Because minority voters tend to vote Democrat, felony disenfranchisement is also foundational to the GOP's power and influence in the state. Of those people removed from the rolls last year, 52 percent were Democrats; only 14 percent were Republicans.
The clemency system has amounted to state-sanctioned discrimination, too, especially under Scott.Civil Rights Amendments and Jim Crow
Among the state's governors, he boasts the lowest restoration rate for African-Americans in half a century. After punishing voters beyond the term of their sentences, Florida law also rigs the petition system so that it favors the petitioners who are white.
A look at the 14th Amendment's Citizenship Clause
It is a constitutionally enshrined form of racist voter suppression—which goes a long way toward explaining why Scott has been so stingy about it. In news that might surprise you, however, among voters, Amendment 4 is neither partisan nor controversial.
And despite the photo-finish nature of the Senate and gubernatorial races, Amendment 4 comfortably cleared the 60 percent threshold required to pass constitutional amendments by ballot measure. Florida, with its weird mix of young minority voters and old white retirees, plays a consistently outsize role in national politics, often to the chagrin of the rest of us.
Six years ago, Barack Obama won there by less than one percentage point, and inHillary Clinton lost it by less than two. You may also recall its results, or lack thereof for months and months and months, being somewhat important to the presidential race.